Physicists


Overview

Physicists

Introduction

Physics is a science dealing with the interaction of matter and energy. Physicists study the behavior and structure of matter, the ways that energy is generated and transferred, and the relationships between matter and energy. They perform experiments and analyze the products or results of those experiments. They may teach, oversee scientific projects, or act as consultants in a laboratory. They investigate and attempt to understand the fundamental laws of nature and how these laws may be formulated and put to use. Physicists work i...

Quick Facts


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Median Salary

$122,850

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Employment Prospects

Fair

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Minimum Education Level

Master's Degree


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Experience

Graduate-level research


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Skills

Math


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Personality Traits

Curious

Earnings

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, the median salary for physicists was $122,850 in 2019. The lowest paid 10 percent earned $62,470 or less; the highest 10 percent earned $201,990 or more. 

As highly trained and respected scientists, physicists usually receive excellent benefits packages, including health plans, vacation and sick leave, and other benefits.

Work Environment

Most physicists work a 40-hour week in pleasant conditions. Laboratories are usually well equipped, clean, well lighted, temperature controlled, and functional. Adequate safety measures are taken when there is any sort of physical hazard involved in the work. Often, groups of scientists work together as a team so closely that their association may last over a period of many years.

Physic...

Outlook

According to the Occupational Outlook Handbook, employment for physicists should grow at a faster than average rate through 2028. Although growth will occur in areas such as educational services, healthcare and social assistance, and scientific research and development, just 1,800 new jobs will be created.

Competition for positions will be especially keen for physics research po...

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