Chemists are scientists who study the composition, changes, reactions, and transformations of matter (anything that has mass and takes up space). They may specialize in analytical, biological, inorganic, organic, or physical chemistry. They may work in laboratories, hospitals, private companies, government agencies, or colleges and universities. There are approximately 87,700 chemists employed in the United States.
Minimum Education Level
Salary levels for chemists vary based on education, experience, and the area in which they work. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, median annual earnings for all chemists were $76,890 in May 2018. The lowest paid 10 percent earned less than $43,920, and the highest paid 10 percent made more than $133,180 annually. Chemists working for the federal government had mean incomes of $114,030...
Most chemists work in clean, well-lighted laboratories that are well organized and neatly kept. They may have their own offices and share laboratory space with other chemists. Some chemists work at such locations as oil wells or refineries, where their working conditions may be uncomfortable. Occasionally, chemical reactions or substances being tested may have strong odors. Other chemicals may ...
Job opportunities for chemists are expected to grow by 4 percent from 2018 to 2028, as fast as the average for all careers, according to the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL). There will continue to be good opportunities for chemists who can help the chemical manufacturing industry develop technologies and processes that reduce pollution and improve energy efficiency, monitor pollution levels at m...